Somalia: The Strategy to launch the final war to smoke-out Al-Shabaab headquarters

Mogadishu (HAN) August 20, 2014 – Defense and Security note by Geeska Afrika Regional  Security Editor. The purpose of the Somali National Policy Strategy is to provide strategic guidance for the continued development and operational capability of the Ministry of defense and security to meet the current and future challenges of stabilization and security of Somalia. It is the final in the series of strategic military planning and tactical training which will be followed by the National security Policy Planing. This strategy specifies the objectives for continued development of the police, law enforcement activities and associated security and tactical systems in Somalia; according to Somali defense ministry briefings.

According to Geeska Afrika Online sources in Mogadishu, after two years, the final war to smoke-out Al Shabaab insurgents from the areas they control in Southern Somalia are underway, the Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamoud told publicly to the media.


President Mohamoud, who was flanked by the Acting Special Representative of African Union in Somalia, Hon Lydia Wanyoto-Mutende said a committee of principals, which he will chair, and another of technical experts, had been formed to ensure that the operations were well oiled and coordinated. The committees would also address humanitarian requirements in the newly liberated areas.

“All we were talking on is the final and improvement of civilian life, not only the military but improving individual lives. How can we build effective administrations in recovered areas, how can we provide policing and police officers in those areas, how can we provide immediate humanitarian support to those people, how can we make sure that the accessibility of those districts and places are secured by AMISOM and the Somali National Army. So these were some of the discussions and they were lengthy discussions and we have put in place structures that will make sure they are enabled. AMISOM civilian component is doing a lot of work in these areas, quick impact projects are already in hand, immediately there’s a recovery, immediately there’s an injection of service delivery support whether its water or health or even domestic infrastructure,” said President Mohamoud.

There has been a significant change in the nature of the threats to the internal security of  Somalia over the last two years. This change has caused the balance of policy missions to change and has added significantly to the daily security force requirements in Mogadishu and Southern Somalia.

In addition to normal militant threats similar to most nations, such as poverty, illiteracy, and porous borders,  Somalia faces seven major security threats:

  1. The externally supported Al-Shabaab terrorist threat and regional militias which are an opposition to the Federal  Government authority, such as Puntland state.
  2. Unlawful governance and corruption in Southern Somalia.
  3. The illegal Khat drug trade in Somalia.
  4. Organized militias crimes run by powerfull warlords and Business leaders based in bakaraaha market in Mogadishu.
  5. Illegally armed groups, supported by regional states.

All these threats have a considerable negative impact on the resources and capabilities of the Federal Somali government capabilities to minimize vulnerabilities to lower risks.

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