Mogadishu (HAN) April 11. 2016. Public Diplomacy & Regional Security News. Hassan Hanafi Haji, was a former journalist accused of belonging to al-Shabab and involvement in the killings of five Somali journalists, is tied to a wooden post as he is prepared to be executed by firing squad, at a police academy in the capital Mogadishu, Somalia Monday, April 11, 2016. Haji, who was extradited from Kenya last year on the request of the Somali government, was executed by firing squad which remains the only execution method in Somalia.
Hanafi was the liaison officer of al-Shabab, and was the main source of the direct threats against journalists and radio stations for any reporting not in favor of the Islamic extremist rebels, forcing many media outlets to practice self-censorship for security reasons. Haji later led al-Shabab’s media unit, inviting journalists to press conferences and giving them tours of battlefields.Hanafi often urged journalists to report according to al-Shabab’s media rules, which included avoiding stories related to the group’s military setbacks.