Mogadishu (HAN) April 9. 2016. Public Diplomacy & Regional Security News. According to securty sources in Mogadishu, the mortars were destined to the Presidential palace, but missed and landed in Hamar weyne district, causing the death of civilians.
Although no one claimed responsibility for the attack, there was similarity between this and a series of previous mortar shells on the areas close to the Presidential Palace claimed by al-Shabaab.
It is unclear where the mortar shells were fired from but security officials have said that they have caught a car that it was used for firing the mortars.
There’s a huge amount of unemployed youth in Somalia. There are two generations of Somalis who have never really enjoyed stability. Al Shabab is also recruiting an awful lot from East African countries like Kenya, Ethiopia, Tanzania — a fact that has been severely underestimated until recently. The group always had a link with with al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, based in Yemen, and that’s also been an underestimated conduit of people and expertise and money.
There’s also plenty of money for the group within Somalia itself. They can tax directly in the areas they control. They do still control quite a lot of the rural areas, so even though the markets are controlled by AMISOM, people have to move out of al Shabab areas to reach the market. There’s also an informal means of taxation, which can either be voluntary or extracted with threats from the business community, especially in Mogadishu.